حروف الجر

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حروف الجر

مُساهمة من طرف Admin في الخميس نوفمبر 02, 2017 4:34 pm


حروف الجر
 
 
أولا -  حروف الجر للزمان :
 
أمثلة الاستخدام
حرف الجر
8 o'clock -  10.30  -  midnight – night  - the weekend – christmas – the end of
at
Sunday(s) – 25 April – New year's day – Monday
Morning  - Tuesday afternoon
on
April – 1985 – summer – the morning – in five
Minutes – few days
in
 
-  I start work at 8 o'clock .
- Where will you be at Christmas ?
- Are you busy at the moment ?
- I don't work on Sundays .
- The concert is on 22 November .
- Are you doing anything on Saturday evening ?
- The garden is lovely in spring .
- Do you often go out in the evening ?
 
ملحوظة هامة :  لا نستخدم حروف الجر المذكورة قبل :  this – last – next – every 
 
- Are you going out this evening ?
- The garden was lovely last summer .
- I'm going on holiday next Monday .
 
ثانيا – حروف الجر للمكان :
 
أمثلة الاستخدام
حرف الجر
a room – a car – garden – town – the water – street – the world – bed – a bank – a factory –
the kitchen
in
home – work – school – university -  the bus stop –
the door – the traffic lights – the top – the bottom – the end of
at
a shelf – a balcony – the floor – the ceiling – a horse – a bicycle – a bus – a ship – the first floor –
the way to
on
 
- Where's Kate ?  She's in bed / the kitchen .
- Angela works in a shop / a bank / a factory .
- I live in a town / a small street .
- Did you come here in your car / in a taxi ?
- There is a big tree in the middle of the garden .
- There's somebody at the bus stop / the door .
- The car is waiting at the traffic lights .
- Julia is working at her desk .
- My house is at the end of the street .
- Helen is studying law at university .
- There weren't many people at the party.
- There are some books on the shelf and some pictures on the wall .
- There is a stamp on the envelope .
- Who is that man on the motor-bike ?
- Did you come here on the bus ?
- The office is on the first floor .
- I met Ann on the way to work / on the way home .
 
**   لاحظ ما يلي :
 
*  من الممكن غالبا أن نستخدم in   أو  at   للمباني .
 
- We stayed in / at a nice hotel .
 
* arrive in ......... ( a country / a town ).
 
* arrive at ..... other places ( the station – work ) .
 
- They arrived in England last week .
 
- What time did you arrive at the hotel ?
 
* home :
- go / come / walk home . (  without to ).
 
* لاحظ أننا لا نستخدم حرف الجر to  مع  home  لكي نقول :  إلي البيت .
 
- I'm tired . I'm going home .
- Did you walk home ?
 
* be / stay / do something at home .
 
- I'm staying at home this evening .
 
* لاحظ أننا نستخدم حرف الجر  at  مع home  لكي نقول :  في البيت .
 
* get home / arrive home
 
- I was tired when I got home .
- I was tired when I arrived home .
 
* لاحظ أننا لا نستخدم حرف جر مع home  عندما نريد أن نقول :  يصل إلي البيت .
 
[ltr]* يصل إلي ...( مكان )   get to ..... ( a place )[/ltr]
 
[ltr]- What time did you get to hotel / Paris ?[/ltr]
 

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تاريخ التسجيل : 22/10/2017

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